Do you shed more hair in a day than your Pomeranian pet? If yes, then it’s time to take stock of your thinning mane. There are thousands like you who are faced with the same hairy-bane. Everyone loves to sport lustrous, thick hair unless of course, you want the bald look. But most of the time it happens that no matter how much you care, you end up losing clumps of hair every time you wash or comb. If you are losing 50 to 100 hairs daily, then you don’t have to panic, as that is quite natural.
However, if you tend to lose hair in big clumps, then that should raise a red flag. If you find tiny bald patches and your hair density thinner than usual, then you must immediately take steps to arrest the fall. If you are wondering what has suddenly triggered the hair fall, then you will be surprised to know that there are numerous things that can cause the hair to thin. The good news is that most of these causes are treatable if you take care of time. To know what these causes are, continue reading.
Thinning Hair Causes
- This type of thinning hair is known as pattern baldness. In this type, the time of growth shortens, resulting in the hair not being as thick or sturdy as before. This is because the hair easily falls out with each growth cycle. This most common cause of this type of hair thinning is heredity.
- Hair thinning also occurs when inflammation damages and scars the hair follicle. As a result, there is no hair growth. Scaring of the hair follicle can occur because of several hair conditions like lupus erythematosus and lichen planus.
- Sometimes an autoimmune disease like alopecia areata can lead to thinning of hair. The hair generally grows back, but you may lose and re-grow your hair many times. Most often viruses or genetics trigger this disease.
- A change in the normal hair cycle can trigger thinning hair. Most often, it happens due to emotional or physical shock, which puts the hair follicles in a resting phase. As such, the hair starts to fall off and grows only when the follicles become active again.
- Excessive hairstyling and adopting different hairstyles is one of the most common causes of thinning hair. This is because hairstyling pulls the hair too tightly causing traction alopecia. Hard pulling leads to permanent damage to the roots and scarring of the scalps.
- Hair thinning also happens due to poor nutrition. Lack of protein or iron in the diet decreases the health of the hair, making them fall. Poor nutrition may also be because of any disease, eating disorders, or crash and fad diets.
- Certain medications cause hair fall and thinning hair in people. In women, birth control pills are a major cause of thinning hair. Some drugs used to treat depression, arthritis, gout, and high blood pressure causes thinning hair.
- Medical treatments like chemotherapy or radiation therapy lead to alopecia, which affects healthy growing hair. During the treatment, the hair starts falling, but after the treatment, the hair grows back.
- Temporary hair loss also occurs during hormonal changes and imbalances experienced during pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause, overactive or underactive thyroid gland, or even due to discontinuation of birth control pills. It may take as much as three months for the new hair to grow back. Males experience thinning of hair on the crown of the head when there is an overproduction of testosterone. Such hair thinning can be stopped by correcting the hormonal imbalances.
- Hair treatments use various treatments that are responsible for causing thinning hair. Tinting, bleaching, dyeing, straightening, or doing permanent waves makes the hair weak and damages making them more prone to breakage and thinning. Even excessive brushing of the hair results in damage to the hair shafts leading to hair fall.
- Various types of scalp infections like ringworm or fungus cause thinning of the hair. However, if the infections are treated then the hair fall stops and new hair grows back.
- Thinning hair is also caused due to trichotillomania, which is a hair-pulling disorder. Those who suffer from this have an irresistible urge to pull out their hair. As a result, they may have patchy bald spots on their head.
- A sedentary lifestyle is a major cause of thinning hair nowadays. Lack of physical activity, poor diet, excessive smoking, and/or drinking can take a toll on the hair. The health of the hair depends a lot on the overall health of the body and a sedentary lifestyle definitely leads to poor health.
Adverse environmental factors also cause thinning hair. If the hair is not protected from harsh winds, cold, and sunshine, then you will experience hair fall. Pollution is another major factor in urban areas. So, unless you protect your hair at all times, then the environmental factors will lead to thinning of hair.